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Growth in Species Occurrence Records Accessible Through GBIF

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2017

Coverage

Global

Availability

Data freely available

Partners

Gbifwww 2

Global Biodiversity Information Facility

Un environment wcmc

UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Contact point

Indicator description

This indicator tracks the number of digitally-accessible records published through the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF).

An increase in the value of this indicator means that a larger volume of records documenting the spatial and temporal occurrence of species is being shared by holders of biodiversity data, in formats that make them free for use by researchers and policymakers via the Internet. A decline would indicate reduced availability of such data for research and policy.

Related Aichi Targets

Primary target

19

Target 19:

By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.

Secondary targets

Target 9:

By 2020, invasive alien species and pathways are identified and prioritized, priority species are controlled or eradicated, and measures are in place to manage pathways to prevent their introduction and establishment.

Target 11:

By 2020, at least 17 per cent of terrestrial and inland water, and 10 per cent of coastal and marine areas, especially areas of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, are conserved through effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative and well connected systems of protected areas and other effective area-based conservation measures, and integrated into the wider landscapes and seascapes.

Target 12:

By 2020 the extinction of known threatened species has been prevented and their conservation status, particularly of those most in decline, has been improved and sustained.

Target 13:

By 2020, the genetic diversity of cultivated plants and farmed and domesticated animals and of wild relatives, including other socio-economically as well as culturally valuable species, is maintained, and strategies have been developed and implemented for minimizing genetic erosion and safeguarding their genetic diversity.

Primary target

19

Target 19:

By 2020, knowledge, the science base and technologies relating to biodiversity, its values, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of its loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and applied.

19
11
12
13
9

Related SDGs

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GOAL 11 - Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

Target 11.4| Relevant indicator

Strengthen efforts to protect and safeguard the world’s cultural and natural heritage.

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GOAL 14 - Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

Target 14.a| Relevant indicator

Increase scientific knowledge, develop research capacity and transfer marine technology, taking into account the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission Criteria and Guidelines on the Transfer of Marine Technology, in order to improve ocean health and to enhance the contribution of marine biodiversity to the development of developing countries, in particular small island developing States and least developed countries.

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GOAL 17 - Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

Target 17.6| Relevant indicator

Enhance North-South, South-South and triangular regional and international cooperation on and access to science, technology and innovation and enhance knowledge sharing on mutually agreed terms, including through improved coordination among existing mechanisms, in particular at the United Nations level, and through a global technology facilitation mechanism

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 11

GOAL 11 - Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable.

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 14

GOAL 14 - Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development.

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 17

GOAL 17 - Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the global partnership for sustainable development.

E sdg goals icons individual rgb 11
E sdg goals icons individual rgb 14
E sdg goals icons individual rgb 17

Other related MEAs and processes

Cites high resolution

CITES

Target 1.5| Relevant indicator

Best available scientific information is the basis for non-detriment findings.

Cms logo blue4c

CMS

Target 10| Relevant indicator

All key habitats and sites for migratory species are identified and included in area-based conservation measures so as to maintain their quality, integrity, resilience and functioning in accordance with the implementation of Aichi Target 11.

Target 15| Relevant indicator

The science base, information, awareness, understanding and technologies relating to migratory species, their habitats and migratory systems, their value, functioning, status and trends, and the consequences of their loss, are improved, widely shared and transferred, and effectively applied.

Indicator icon

IPBES Global Assessment Chapters

Chapter 3| Official indicator

Progress towards meeting major international objectives related to biodiversity and ecosystem services

Chapter 6| Official indicator

Opportunities and challenges for decision makers

Indicator icon

IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

Chapter 3| Official indicator

Status, trends and future dynamics of biodiversity and ecosystems underpinning nature’s benefits to people

Chapter 6| Official indicator

Options for governance, institutional arrangements and private and public decision-making across scales and sectors

Ramsar.logo

Ramsar

Target 4| Relevant indicator

Invasive alien species and pathways of introduction and expansion are identified and prioritized, priority invasive alien species are controlled or eradicated, and management responses are prepared and implemented to prevent their introduction and establishment.

Target 14| Relevant indicator

Scientific guidance and technical methodologies at global and regional levels are developed on relevant topics and are available to policy makers and practitioners in an appropriate format and language.

Unccd logo3

UNCCD

Outcome 3.4| Relevant indicator

Knowledge of the interactions between climate change adaptation, drought mitigation and restoration of degraded land in affected areas is improved to develop tools to assist decision-making.

Outcome 3.5| Relevant indicator

Effective knowledge-sharing systems, including traditional knowledge, are in place at the global, regional, subregional and national levels to support policymakers and end users, including through the identification and sharing of best practices and succe

Outcome 3.6| Relevant indicator

Science and technology networks and institutions relevant to desertification/land degradation and drought are engaged to support UNCCD implementation.

Cites high resolution

CITES

Cms logo blue4c

CMS

Indicator icon

IPBES Global Assessment Chapters

Indicator icon

IPBES Regional Assessment Chapters

Ramsar.logo

Ramsar

Unccd logo3

UNCCD

Cites high resolution
Cms logo blue4c
Ramsar.logo
Unccd logo3
Indicator icon
Indicator icon

Themes

Bip finance

Finance, research and knowledge

View related indicators >
Bip finance
Bip species

Partners

Gbifwww 2
Un environment wcmc

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2017

Coverage

Global

Availability

Data freely available

Indicator description

This indicator tracks the number of digitally-accessible records published through the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF).

An increase in the value of this indicator means that a larger volume of records documenting the spatial and temporal occurrence of species is being shared by holders of biodiversity data, in formats that make them free for use by researchers and policymakers via the Internet. A decline would indicate reduced availability of such data for research and policy.

Contact point

Graphs / Diagrams

Data Mobilization Through Gbif To 2018

Figure 1. Growth in number of digital species occurrence records accessible through the Global Biodiversity Information Facility

For more graphs and diagrams showing trends in this indicator, visit https://www.gbif.org/analytics/global.

Current storyline

The data published through GBIF includes species occurrence data from digitized natural history specimen collections, observations from citizen science networks, surveys and research projects, historic literature and a range of other sources. GBIF also deals with names and taxonomic checklists, as well as structured metadata describing biodiversity datasets. Since 2008 the number of records has increased from ca. 155 million to more than 1 billion.

As of 2018, more than 1200 institutions shared data through GBIF, and more than 700 peer-reviewed research papers per year cite GBIF as a source of data. There are 57 participating countries and 39 associate participants including international organizations and economies.

Growth in number of digital species occurrence records accessible through the Global Biodiversity Information Facility.

Source: http://www.gbif.org/analytics/global.

Data and methodology

Coverage: Global time series (2008 onwards).

Scale: Global data.

Time series available: 2008 onwards

Next planned update: 2017 (quarterly).

Possible disaggregations: By region, by nation, by taxonomic kingdom

Metadata used: Metadata provided by GBIF Secretariat

Methodology: Data points are obtained from regular snapshots of the GBIF data index, showing the total number of species occurrence records available to users of GBIF.org at a particular point in time. Note that these snapshots are a sum of all records published (shared) by data holding institutions up to that point (and that were still accessible), so in that sense this is a cumulative index. However, since datasets can be withdrawn, for example if duplicate records are detected or if data publishers withdraw their permission to share data, the indicator trend can show a decline.

National use of indicator

Producing this indicator nationally: The GBIF Secretariat already produces this indicator at the national level for all countries, islands and territories recognized under ISO 3166-1 standard. The charts can be accessed via the interactive global map here—https://www.gbif.org/the-gbif-network—and navigating the ‘data publishing’ section of any individual country page, or by inserting any valid two-letter ISO code into a URL following the syntax in this example: https://www.gbif.org/country/CH/about

Thus, the first chart in the third section (‘Records by kingdom’) of each country page (https://www.gbif.org/country/XX/about) provides a ready-made chart showing growth in national species occurrence records accessible through GBIF.

Use at the national level: National indicators already exist. Much richer, finer scale information is available than purely the headline numbers of records included in the main BIP indicator via https://www.gbif.org/the-gbif-network or e.g. https://www.gbif.org/country/CH/about—for example, the number of species with occurrence records, the mobilization of records of different taxonomic groups, completeness of records, etc. All of these parameters are also available at national level, following the same navigation and URL patterns as above.

For this indicator to be most useful at national level, countries need to join GBIF as a national participant and set up a national GBIF node (see https://www.gbif.org/become-member), which takes lead responsibility for endorsing and mobilizing data from national institutions.

Examples of national use: Mobilization of data records through GBIF at national level is used by many national GBIF nodes to assess their progress on increasing the availability of biodiversity information for research and policy uses across all scales. Summary reports and indicator graphics for each country are generated and updated on a quarterly basis.

Availability of global data for national use: Visit the existing pages for all ISO 3166-1 countries, islands and territories via the interactive map: go to this link, click your country on the map, and select Activity Report for the latest national metrics relevant to this indicator.

Or by inserting any valid two-letter country code into the following example: https://www.gbif.org/country/CH/about

Contact person for supporting national use: In keeping with GBIF’s role as an open-data research infrastructure, if you/your country/organisation wish to use the national indicator, please contact communication@gbif.org or visit your country page on GBIF.org (via https://www.gbif.org/the-gbif-network or for example https://www.gbif.org/country/CH/about). Please contact communication@gbif.org if you wish to access the raw data on which these indicators are based.

Further resources

Key indicator facts

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Indicator type

Response

Applicable for national use

Yes (find out more)

Indicator classification

Operational and included in the CBD's list of indicators

Last update

2017

Coverage

Global

Availability

Data freely available

Partners

Gbifwww 2

Global Biodiversity Information Facility

Un environment wcmc

UN Environment World Conservation Monitoring Centre

Contact point