It is evident that a variety of approaches are used by countries in order to assess their progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets in Part III of their National Reports. This document aims to identify and summarise these approaches, and the strengths, limitations and considerations for use of each of these.
This report has compiled an evidence base for the existence of national and regional indicators in relation to the 2010 Biodiversity Target, and whether these might be relevant to the new Aichi Targets, but it does not aim to identify which indicators might be needed or suitable for the Aichi Targets. Similarly, the report does not consider the specific data needs and sources for possible indicators for the Aichi Targets. The latter subject is addressed by the GEO‐BON report “Adequacy of Existing Biodiversity Observation Systems to support the CBD 2020 Targets”, which is also designed to support the 2011 AHTEG on indicators.
This report shows how earth observation technologies can and should fit into systems for biodiversity monitoring, as well as demonstrates how these approaches could further improve relevant indicators for the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. It illustrates a clear track from observations done by remote sensing platforms through Essential Biodiversity Variables to biodiversity indicators and ultimately to the assessment of progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and ultimately in support of evidence-based decision making. There is clearly huge potential for involving the wide range of current and emerging Earth Observation products in biodiversity monitoring. However, it is imperative that a balance is achieved between innovation in new products and the continuity of existing earth observations. A consistent, comparable readily available time series of biodiversity-relevant earth observations, such as long-term land cover change, is a pressing need. If this need were filled it would greatly enhance our ability to keep biodiversity and ecosystems under proper review and take well informed policy decisions.
This flyer has been developed to showcase how the BIP supports national use of biodiversity indicators.
This 2 page summary has been developed to showcase the BIP's work on filling indicator gaps, as well as information on national use of indicators.