This report shows how earth observation technologies can and should fit into systems for biodiversity monitoring, as well as demonstrates how these approaches could further improve relevant indicators for the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. It illustrates a clear track from observations done by remote sensing platforms through Essential Biodiversity Variables to biodiversity indicators and ultimately to the assessment of progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and ultimately in support of evidence-based decision making. There is clearly huge potential for involving the wide range of current and emerging Earth Observation products in biodiversity monitoring. However, it is imperative that a balance is achieved between innovation in new products and the continuity of existing earth observations. A consistent, comparable readily available time series of biodiversity-relevant earth observations, such as long-term land cover change, is a pressing need. If this need were filled it would greatly enhance our ability to keep biodiversity and ecosystems under proper review and take well informed policy decisions.
Review of the global indicator suite, key global gaps and indicator options for future assessment of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020
The Terms of Reference for the AHTEG on Indicators for the Strategic Plan 2011-2020 (decision XII/1), called on the AHTEG to ‘identify a small set of measureable potential indicators that could be used to monitor progress at the global level towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets with a focus on those that are currently not well addressed and those that may be relevant to the United Nations post-2015 development agenda and sustainable development goals’. This document has been developed to support the AHTEG by identifying gaps in the current suite of indicators brought together under the BIP, building upon the indicative list of indicators adopted in decision XI/3 and reviewing potential indicators to fill these gaps. This document is not a report on the state of the world’s indicators.
These guidelines have been produced to support the development of ecosystem service indicators at the national and regional level for uses in reporting, assessments, policy making, biodiversity conservation, ecosystem management, environmental management, development planning and education. The guidance contains four key sections:
In 2010, the international community, under the auspices of the Convention on Biological Diversity, agreed on 20 biodiversity-related “Aichi Targets” to be achieved within a decade. We provide a comprehensive mid-term assessment of progress toward these global targets using 55 indicator data sets.We projected indicator trends to 2020 using an adaptive statistical framework that incorporated the specific properties of individual time series. On current trajectories, results suggest that despite accelerating policy and management responses to the biodiversity crisis, the impacts of these efforts are unlikely to be reflected in improved trends in the state of biodiversity by 2020. We highlight areas of societal endeavor requiring additional efforts to achieve the Aichi Targets, and provide a baseline against which to assess future progress.
Published almost at the halfway point of the 2011–2020 Strategic Plan for Biodiversity, this fourth edition of the Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO-4) provides a timely report: on progress towards meeting the 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets and potential actions to accelerate that progress; on prospects for achieving the 2050 Vision on ‘Living in Harmony with Nature’; and on the importance of biodiversity in meeting broader goals for sustainable human development during this century.
This Outlook presents some stark choices for human societies. On one hand it warns that the diversity of living things on the planet continues to be eroded as a result of human activities. The pressures driving the loss of biodiversity show few signs of easing, and in some cases are escalating. The consequences of current trends are much worse than previously thought, and place in doubt the continued provision of vital ecosystem services. The poor stand to suffer disproportionately from potentially catastrophic changes to ecosystems in coming decades, but ultimately all societies stand to lose. On the other hand, the Outlook offers a message of hope. The options for addressing the crisis are wider than was apparent in earlier studies. Determined action to conserve biodiversity and use it sustainably will reap rich rewards. It will benefit people in many ways - through better health, greater food security and less poverty. It will safeguard the variety of nature, an objective justified in its own right according to a range of belief systems and moral codes. It will help to slow climate change by enabling ecosystems to absorb and store more carbon; and it will help people adapt to climate change by adding resilience to ecosystems and making them less vulnerable.
CBD Technical Series 78: Progress Towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets: An assessment of biodiversity trends, policy scenarios and key actions
The Aichi Targets Passport was first released as a “proof of concept” in October 2012. This Beta version included one or two indicators for each Aichi Biodiversity Target. Since the release of the Beta version, the BIP Partnership has continued working to enhance and increase the number of global indicators available for each of the targets.
This table maps the current
suite of indicators brought together under the Biodiversity Indicators
Partnership to both the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and the Sustainable
Development Goals to support the identification of indicator synergies between
the processes. This is a working table which will be continually updated to
include new indicators as the BIP expands its membership, and greater
characterisation of how the indicators can be used at the national level.
In Summer 2016, an Open Consultation was conducted to identify additional indicators and datasets which had not previously been included in the CBD's list of indicators, but which could prove useful in tracking progress towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. The Consultation was widely disseminated, in order to attract responses not only from within the biodiversity community but from other sectors and other practitioners. The results of this Consultation are discussed in the attached report.